Glera, also known by the name Prosecco, is a lightly aromatic white grape of Lombardy, the Veneto and Friuli Venezia Giulia. It is also known as Serprin. Some like to say that Prosecco’s ancestor was the Pucinum wine that was much praised by the chroniclers of ancient Rome and that was much discussed because it seemed to be the preferred beverage of Empress Livia, who apparently drank large quantities of it. Historians, however, do not accept this thesis and regard Pucinum as the remote ancestor of Refosco basing their argument on a description by Pliny the Elder in his Naturalis Historia, in which he referred to the ancient variety as “omnium nigerrina” (entirely black). Therefore, Prosecco as it is today cannot be regarded as resembling Pucinium.
In fact, the reason why the Glera grape became known as Prosecco is that it was the town of Prosecco that first began producing this delightfully sparkling wine and for many years the name of the town that originated the wine was used interchangeably. Today, Prosecco refers to the growing area located in the Veneto and Friuli Venezia Giulia where the Glera grape grows to perfection.