This red grape is grown primarily in Piedmont but widely diffused throughout the Italian peninsula.  It is the second largest red varietal in Italy after Sangiovese.  In Piedmont, (where it is historically grown in Asti, Monferrato and the Langhe) a red wine produced with this grape was hailed by the Savoyard army as a “sincere companion” since officers felt that it encouraged a level-headed attitude at the most difficult moments in a hard-fought battle.