Greco is an ancient Greek white varietal found in Campania, Tuscany and Lazio – some say it is the grape known as Grechetto, Greco, Grecanico which grows in various regions. There is some evidence linking this grape to the Falanghina and to vines that eventually evolved into the Trebbiano family. DNA however suggests that this grape is identical to the Asprinio and is genetically close to Aleatico.
Greco Bianco – white grape predominantly planted in Calabria. It is sometimes simply known as Greco. The grape appears to have been imported from Greece in the 8th century BC. The antiquity of a Greek wine produced with this grape is conformed by a legend whereby a force of 10,000 Locrians took sufficient strength and courage from copious draughts of the local wine to defeat an army of 130,000 men from Croton in 560 BC. Greco Bianco is distinct from Greco and Greco di Bianco, named after a Calabrian village (Gerace).
Greco Bianco di Novara – white grape of limited plantings found in Piedmont.
Greco di Tufo – white grape of Puglia and Campania also known as Greco. Certainly this is the oldest varietal in the Avellino area of Campania. It was imported from the Greek region of Thessaly by the Pelasgian peoples. A confirmation of the origin of the wine is provided by the discovery of a fresco at Pompeii, traced in the 1st century BC.
Greco Nero – red varietal planted in Calabria, Sardinia and other regions.